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Big Bang

The Standard Cosmological Model says that:
  • Red Shift (doppler shift) is directly related to the recessional speed of cosmic objects away from the observer.
  • The higher the red shift, the faster the object is moving away from the observer.
  • The fastest moving objects are those that are farthest away.
  • An increasing red shift = higher speed and farther away (speed and distance).
The Standard Model says that quasars are the most distant and most energetic objects in the universe based on their high red shift and high luminosity and that this 'fact' is a proof for the Big Bang.

Here is the media dogma regarding quasars. "These bright beacons shine to us from the edges of the visible universe ... Quasars release more energy than hundreds of galaxies combined. The general consensus is that they are monstrous black holes in the hearts of distant galaxies." 'Top 10 strangest things in space: From gravity waves to galactic cannibalism, outer space is out of this world,' MSNBC/MSN

There is much science that contradicts the standard cosmological model. The logical inference from direct observations is that quasars appear to be ejected from galactic centers and turn into galaxies themselves.

Direct observations show that:
  • High red shift quasars are associated with low red shift galaxies. In other words, the quasars are the same distance away as the galaxies. Quasars are Near - not Far. This contradicts the standard model's assumption that quasars are at the edge of the universe.
  • Ejected quasars have visible and/or spectral connections to the low red shift parent galaxy.
  • Ejected quasars have the highest red shift the closer they are to the parent galaxy, and the red shift decreases as the quasars moves away from the parent galaxy.
These observations contradict two of the assumptions of the standard model - distance and speed. It also contradicts the assumption that red shift is soley a measure of recessional speed. This suggests that the age of the quasar is primarily responsible for its red shift - not recessional speed as the standard model contends.

Example #1: NGC 7603
From the video: The Big Bang Never Happened Part 1

kilometer (km)mile (m)
QSO = Quasi-Stellar Object10.621371192
Parent Galaxy8,7005,406324,35619,461,346
QSO 1 youngest child117,00072,7004,362,026261,721,546
QSO 2 middle child72,00044,7392,684,324161,059,413
QSO 3 oldest child17,00010,563633,79938,027,917

See Burnham's Model of Cosmic Distances

Starting block for more information on this subject ...

The Big Bang Never Happened Part 1 / VIDEO
Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science / Halton Arp
Quasars: Near vs Far / Tom Van Flandern
Intrinsic Redshifts in Quasars and Galaxies / Arp, Fulton, Carosati
The Electric Sky / Donald E. Scott, Ph.D. (Electrical Engineering)
The Black Hole, the Big Bang, and Modern Physics / Stephen J. Crothers
From Crothers' site: "There has been a deliberate suppression of important scientific papers by the community of physicists and astronomers concerning the black hole, beginning with the original paper by Karl Schwarzschild of 1916, evidently for vain glory, money and self-aggrandisement. I bring you free access to those papers, and others of relevance, in the hope that this fraud can be exposed and physics restored to a rational search for knowledge. The black hole has no foundation in theory whatsoever. Neither Newton's theory nor Einstein's theory predict it. In fact, both theories preclude it, contrary to what the orthodox relativists claim. The so-called 'Schwarzschild' solution is not due to Karl Schwarzschild at all. The experts have either not read Schwarzschild's 1916 memoir or have otherwise ignored it."